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The richness of Panama’s biological heritage is highly significant. However, the scarce research work on its own national plant genetic resources focuses on a limited number of agricultural crops with high local consumption levels (grains, tubers, traditional tropical fruits) or on exportable items such as cucurbits (watermelon, melon), musaceae (banana, plantain) or bromeliads (pineapple), considered "priority species" by the Panamanian government. Non-traditional fruit species,...
Topics: ropical fruit growing, plant genetic resources, tropical fruit trees, orphan species, tropical...
In order to improve the reutilization rate of rubber seedling-stock shoots waste and minimize the burden on the ecological environment, we investigated physicochemical property of rubber nursery plants biochar and its effect on growth of Hevea seedlings. The results showed that sand bed seedlings biochar had the smaller stem diameter, the more N and P content but the less K content and soluble sugar, in comparison with polybag budding biochar and polybag seedling biochar. Stem of polybag...
Topics: Hevea brasiliensis, Rubber nursery plants, Biochar, Physicochemical property, Growth.
Land use changes from natural ecosystems into managed ecosystems may have impacts on soil structure and quality. Land management practices contribute to the change of soil properties and agriculture production. Rwanda's livelihood and social economy is strongly dependent on agriculture. Moreover, the exponential Rwandan population growth is making a severe pressure on natural resources including forests. In order to contribute to sustainable and environmentally friendly agriculture, the present...
Topics: Soil quality parameters, land use changes, soil degradation, Migina catchment.
The climate is predominantly hot with a rainy and a dry season. Second only to the Amazon, the Cerrado occupies an area of more than 2 million km, corresponding to about 25% of the national territory. It is not only the second largest ecosystem in Brazil, but also in all South America. It is known as such in our country, but in other parts of the world it occurs under the name of savannas, which are characterized by vegetation with low trees, spaced shrubs, and grasses. For the elaboration of...
Topics: Agriculture, Biological control, Biological Sciences, Insect pests.
  In this study, I show that microwave signals emitted from satellites and received by the GNSS system can be utilized for meteorological purposes, such as heavy rain in Indonesia, using open-source software goGPS. Comparison of the gradient of the North and East atmospheric delays between goGPS, IGS, and UNR. The correlation of the results of goGPS with those from IGS and UNR is relatively high. The gradient of the late goGPS and IGS, and UNR products show good consistency. This means that...
Topics: Tropospheric, PWV, Signal, GNSS.
Snake melon (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus) is a member of the melon family. It is a seasonal fruit that is high in water and low in calories, fat, and cholesterol. It is a high-yielding crop that has a short shelf-life, which results in the loss of a high percentage of the annual yield. In order to reduce the percentage of lost crop, we proposed several new recipes for making pickled snake melon by adding functional foods to enhance the flavor and nutritional values of the pickled snake melon...
Topics: Snake melon, Armenian cucumber, Mekte, Cucumis melo, functional foods.
The human life had come to a stagnant condition as many countries had to shut down all sorts of internal and external communication from due to the spread of extremely contagious disease of COVID-19. Social distancing of different levels has been a common scenario in all the countries which had made the whole world to a standstill. The industries, transportation, and other activities suddenly came to a pause for the developed and developing countries all across the globe. The atmosphere,...
Topics: COVID-19, Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Anthropocene.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of exploitation of kite fish in the Waters of Bone Bay, South Sulawesi Province. This study was conducted in July to September 2021. The method used is Descriptive Quantitative by using questionnaire tools. The sampling method used is a method with a total of 10 units of Kite Fishing business each in the Bone Bay Waters area. The data analysis used is an estimate of biological parameters and Maximum Sustainable Yield. The results showed that...
Topics: Maximum Sustainable Yield, Kite Fish, Bone Bay Waters area
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
May 31, 2021
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Laccases belongs to multinuclear copper containing oxidase and can act as a variety of aromatic and non-aromatic compounds. Due to their broad substrate specificity, they are considered as a promising candidate in various industrial and biotechnological sectors. They are regarded as a green catalyst in biotechnology. The present review focuses on structure, reaction mechanism, categories, applications, economic feasibility, limitations, and future prospects of fungal laccases. Thus, this review...
Topics: Bioremediation, Catalyst, Mediator, Oxidoreductase, Multicopper, Antibiotics.
Kishk is a fermented cereal product made traditionally from bourghul (cracked wheat) and yogurt. Being a fermented product, which gets stored and used over a period of a year, moisture and acidity are two critical components of the preparation method and storage/spoilage. We investigated the effect of a pure Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) starter culture (Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. Bulgaricus) on the acidity and consumer acceptability of Lebanese Kishk....
Topics: Kishk, cereal, LAB, fermentation.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
May 10, 2021
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The feed additives are the essential compound of the fish diet. The use of feed additives in the animal’s diet is a vital role to rising growth and immunity of the aquatic animals. Feed additives are substances which are added in trace amounts in fish diet it is also act as ingredients improver or preserve it. The major feed additives are act as preservatives, binders, feeding stimulants, and food colorants etc. In favor of growing aquaculture in a supportable fashion, the use of additives...
Topics: Feed additives, ingredient, oil, sustainability, digestibility, attractants, flavors etc.
 Fishing port is a center for marketing of catches, where the role and facilities are very important in the economy of a port, starting from landing to marketing the catch. Several studies can be carried out to overcome this problem, one of which is the supply pattern which can be described in study of the supply chain at the Paotere Fish Landing Base which is located in the middle of Makassar City. The purpose of this study is to explain how the supply chain system, supply chain flow with the...
Topics: Supply Chain, Marketing, Fishing Port, Paotere, Fisherman Share.
orensic appraisal is inherently uncertain, and the evidence used to determine the facts of a case must be certain. This creates a tension between the uncertainty contained in forensic appraisal itself and the certainty as evidence, and makes technical authority and legal authority confused in confirming the facts of the case. The forensic conclusions can only be used as evidence after it has been evaluated .Evidence evaluation on forensic conclusions should adhere to the goals of science and...
Topics: forensic conclusions, evidence evaluation, value, science, justice.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
May 10, 2021
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The experiment was conducted to evaluate the growth and yield performance of sesame (SesamumindicumL.) using four levels of herbicides (butachlor and diuron) to control weeds. Field trials were conducted in 2011 and 2012 cropping seasons at the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)/Tree Crop Programme (TCP) Farm, Adamawa State University Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria. The experiment was laid out in a Complete Randomized Block Design with sesame varieties (Kenana and Muva Local) assigned to...
Topics: Herbicides, variety, growth, sesame, yield.
This study aimed at flood modeling and vulnerability analysis of Abia State using Remote Sensing and Flood modeler. The methodology involved acquisition of Sentinel-2 imagery covering Abia State, Rainfall data and ALOS PALSAR. Image subsetting was done to extract the area of study from the acquired dataset, this was followed by analysis of DEM accuracy using root mean square error, image classification to extract the landuse/ landcover of the study area, surface runoff modelling to determine...
Topics: Flood Vulnerability, Flood Modeler, Remote Sensing, Sentinel-2, Surface Runoff.
 A search for alternatives economically viable and environmentally sound to the world energy demand, stimulated the research in the field of anaerobic digestion, as a form of renewable energy and the anaerobic co-digestion is an alternative to use different types of residues, including food wastes. Therefore, this article presents an analysis of the scientific advances realized of the period of 2015 to 2018 in terms of anaerobic co-digestion, with emphasis on the use of different food...
Topics: Anaerobic co-digestion, Biogas, Food wastes, Fruit waste, Methane.
Climate change is an emerging issue particularly in agricultural research as it is observed that the climate change has unfavorably distressed the agricultural production in different regions in India. Therefore, the present study has empirically examined the relationship between climate change and agricultural production in the selected districts of Odisha, India using a Panel Autoregressive Distributed Lag (PARDL) model over the period 1993 to 2019. The study found that the climate variables...
Topics: Climate change, crops production, economic impact, central revenue zone Odisha.
 Tawouk is the chicken's breast meat. Traditionally, meat has been marinated to improve flavor, improve tenderness, and increase product shelf life. The purpose of the marinating time is to permit the marinade to soak as deeply into the food as potential. Here, we studied the effect of marinating time and marinade ingredients on color, flavor, juiciness, chewiness and overall acceptability of chicken breast meat. Our results showed a difference in color, flavor and juiciness between different...
Topics: Lebanon, Tawouk, marinade, marinating time, sensory evaluation.
 A study was carried out during 2019 with the aim to access gender involvement in crop production and livestock sector. Two hundred and forty (240) smallholder farmers were selected randomly, 120 smallholder farmers each from Chitwan and Lamjung district of Nepal. Findings revealed that the gender involvement in most of the activities on crop production and livestock is dominated by joint participation of both male and female. However, in terms of technology adoption and control over land...
Topics: Gender involvement, smallholder farmers, crop production, livestock.
 In response to the re-collection of value-added tax and the abolition of fiscal and tax preferential policies for the fertilizer industry in 2015, using provincial panel data from 2011 to 2018, a model was established to analyze the impact of policy changes on agricultural production costs. Research shows that after the implementation of the policy, agricultural intermediate consumption has increased significantly by 11%, and the proportion of fertilizer fees in total costs has increased...
Topics: Fiscal and tax policy, fertilizer, agricultural production cost, VAT
 This paper studies precipitable water vapor (PWV) in 2015-2016, an El Niño-Southern Oscillation episode (ENSO), and causes drought in Indonesia. Using the Global Positioning System (GPS), we obtained the PWV value. Expected can detect ENSO phenomenon through PWV value. We processed the GPS observation data by Precise Point Positioning (PPP) method using the goGPS software. The obtained values of Zenith Troposphere Delay (ZTD) and PWV were validated by comparing with the ZTD values from four...
Topics: PWV, ENSO, GPS, PPP, ZTD, SULAWESI.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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 India consumes large amount of the bakery products and cupcake is one of them which is being largely consumed by children. The improvement in living standard and awareness towards health food have diverted the people mindset of food consumption that generated immense scope in value addition of bakery products so present investigation was undertaken to prepare nutritionally rich cupcakes by partial replacement of maida with ragi flour which is rich in calcium, iron and fibers. Cupcakes were...
Topics: Bakery products, cupcakes, maida, ragi, sensory evaluation.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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The cultivar Ghars is the second cultivar of economic importance for Algeria. It’s a soft date. So far, the only product derived from this date is “date’s syrup”. This product is developed by diffusion. The date is a food rich in nutrients. It is known that the consumption of carbohydrate foods causes different elevations of blood sugar. Some studies classify dates as a high glycemic food. The objective of this study is to follow the evolution of the postprandial glycemia of these foods...
Topics: Algeria, Dates, Hyperglycemia, Polysaccharides, Syrup.
High fructose syrup is a sweetener that can replace sucrose, which is widely used in the food and beverage industries. In this study, codon-optimized Actinoplanes missouriensis CICIM B0118 (A) derived glucose isomerase heterologous expression was realized in the food-grade strain Bacillus Subtilis 168, and the recombinant Bacillus Subtilis 168/pMA5-xylA was successfully constructed. The whole-cell bioconversion system of D-glucose isomerization to the biosynthesis of D-fructose was optimized....
Topics: Glucose isomerase, isomerization, whole-cell catalysis, Bacillus Subtilis 168, high fructose syrup,...
In this study, the effect of poultry manure amendment on the availability of some heavy metals, (Cu, Cr, Mn and Zn) was evaluated. The uptake of the metals by Ricinus communis (castor oil) with and without amendment was conducted in a green house. Soil sample was treated with 5%, 10% and 20% of poultry manure in a pot experiment. There was an increase in physicochemical properties of the soil such as pH, organic matter content and ECEC on treatment. Chemical speciation of the parent soil...
Topics: poultry manure, soil amendment, heavy metal.
This study was undertaken to explore the possibility of inducing micromutations in quantitative traits and meiotic anomalies of bread wheat (T. aestivum L.) after irradiated dry and soaked seeds with 0.0, 0.5, 5 and 10 Krad of gamma rays. Traits (number of spikes per plant, number of grains per spike, number of spikelets per spike, spike density, grain yield per plant, weight of grain yield per plant and weight of 1000-grain per plant) were analyzed quantitatively to assess the extent of the...
Topics: Genetics, Cultivars, Wheat, Gamma Rays.
The Fall Armyworm (FAW) or Spodoptera frugiperda, is an endemic and agriculturally important insect pest in tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas causing severe impact estimated at millions of dollars. FAW has been recently identified for the first time in India and is also a first record in Asia threatening the food security and livelihoods of millions of farmers. The insects are affected by climatic factors, and climate change may affect geographical distribution, abundance, growth...
Topics: Fall army worm, Spodoptera frugiperda, Endangered areas, High Risk Probability, Ecoclimatic index...
Twenty Pasundan cows were used in this study to know the effect of synchronization using prostaglandins and hormone gonadotropins on the picture of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and pasundan cow hemoglobin levels during pregnancy. The Pasudan heifers experimented with estrus using a combination of prostaglandin hormone (PGF2α) as much as 5 ml per head and gonadotropin realising hormone (GnRH) as much as 2.5 ml per head intramuscular to homogenize fertility conditions and improve fertility. The...
Topics: Pasudan heifers, synchronization estrus, haematological Pregnancy Phase.
 Papaya is one of the most significant crops cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries all over the world. Post-harvest diseases are the major threat to papaya fruit yield leading to huge losses. This study focuses on controlling the fungal pathogens of papaya fruit by isolating the disease control bacteria from the phylloplane of the papaya plant and screening them for antagonism towards the pathogens. The fungal pathogens chosen for this study were Colletotrichum, Fusarium and...
Topics: Biocontrol, papaya, post-harvest diseases, phylloplane, fungal pathogens.
Violacein, an indole derivative, is a violent pigment which is extracted from the bacteria. It is considered to be an important aromatic compound as it exhibits essential antiparasitic, antimicrobial and antitumoral characteristics. One of the most eminent derivatives that is being induced by the biosynthetic pathway of violacein is deoxyviolacein. However, it is produced in an insignificant amount. By expunging the VioD protein from the violacein pathway, deoxyviolacein can be generated which...
Topics: Violacein, Deoxyviolacein, Oxyviolacein, VioABCD.
The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of prosopis africana seed coat meal (PASCM) on the performance and nutrient utilization of three hundred (300) Nera brown day-old pullet chicks that were fed for 56 days. The birds were randomly allotted to 5 experimental diets with 3 replications of 20 birds each. The diets were formulated with the inclusion of PASCM at 0, 15, 20, 25 and 30% levels, respectively and the data collected were subjected to analysis of Variance in a completely...
Topics: Pullet Chicks, Performance, Nutrient Utilization and PASCM.
Transglutaminase (TG) induces protein cross-linking by catalyzing the reaction of acyl transfer. Mature sequence of TG is inactive when express without its pro-region. Since pro-region is critical for inhibiting the TG’s action and for correctly folding it extracellularly, the production is either poor or forming inclusion bodies without its pro-region. One of the fundamental steps for higher yield to date is to increase the transcriptional level of the recombinant gene by generating...
Topics: Pichia pastoris, protein folding, pro-peptide, transglutaminase.
 Hydrological models are very useful tools for simulating the effect of natural processes and management practices on soil and water resources at the watershed level. However, the applicability of a model relies on the accuracy to simulate measured data. Thus, the aim of this study is a comparative review of the results of two recent studies carried out on the tleta watershed, to evaluate the performance of two models, namely KINEROS2 (Kinematic Runoff and erosion), coupled with AGWA...
Topics: Water Erosion, Hydrological Modeling, KINEROS2, SWAT, runoff, sediment yield, Tleta Watershed,...
Products and services provided by the agroforestry production systems support the basic needs and enhance the livelihood of millions of farmers throughout the world. The benefit of the traditional agroforestry systems and their livelihood improvement strategies are, however, often not systematically addresses in Bangladesh. Thus, the objective of the study was to assess the impact of traditional agroforestry on income generation and livelihood capital development of the rural farmers in...
Topics: Agroforestry, Date palm, Benefit-Cost, Livelihood capitals, Bangladesh.
A survey of Blood Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) among voluntary blood donors of different age groups was conducted between March 2017 and June 2018in Port-Harcourt metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria. A total of 200 voluntary blood donors consisting of 151(75.5%) males and 49(24.5%) females participated in the study. All the blood donors were within the ages of 18 to 65 years. Blood samples were taken from the veins of blood donors. The blood samples were screened in the laboratory...
Topics: Transfusion, Infections, Blood, Donors, Port-Harcourt, Metropolis.
 North Metn is known for its miscellaneous landscapes varying from mountainous, coastal, agricultural, natural, rural, urban and industrial. However its land-cover, land-use and landscape structures are highly affected by manmade and natural means of transformation throughout a short period of time. Since the assessment of these changes is essential for any landscape management in the district, the Visual Resource Inventory (VRI) was selected for that purpose. VRI provides the basic visual...
Topics: Landscape character, landscape elements, Scenic inventory value, Scenic quality rating, view...
The study was conducted to determine the effect of inclusion of fermented cocoa pod husk meal in feed of rabbits on the microbial flora in the caecum.Sixty 5 weeks (35 days) old grower rabbits comprising 2 breeds (thirty New Zealand White and thirty Chinchilla) were used for the study. They were randomly distributed into six treatments of 10 rabbits per group and fed diets containing fermented cocoa pod husk meal (FCPHM) at 0%, 12.5% and 25% inclusion levels for a period of 8 weeks. Contents of...
Topics: Caecum, Cocoa pod husk, Microbial flora, Rabbits.
Investigation of effect of cowpea variety and storage methods on cowpea beetle (callosobuchus maculates) control was carried out with the main aim of providing suitable, safe and affordable methods of storing various varieties of cowpea devoid of infestation. Three varieties of cowpea which are White, Brown and Black varieties were used for this research. Various storage methods which include Plastics, Polyethylene, Hessian bags and Aluminum Bins of 10 kg capacity each was used in storing the...
Topics: Cowpea, storage insect, varieties, infestation, mortality rate.
 This study evaluates the elemental and proximate composition of Shea butter sold in Swali market Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Proximate analysis was carried out using standard method of AOAC (2005) while elemental analysis was determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer and Flame photometer. The proximate values were: Moisture (5.220±0.113 %), Crude fibre (0.111±0.001%), Crude Protein (42.316±0.000%), Crude fat (97.000±0.000%), Ash content (0.084±0.006%), Carbohydrate...
Topics: Shea butter, Swali market, crude protein, moisture, Yenagoa.
Motorized tricycle drivers are among the populations of the transport industry who are very much prone to the effects of hazardous substances found in automobile exhausts. This research was aimed to determine the risk factors of cytogenetic damage brought about by automobile exhaust exposure among motorized tricycle drivers of Tuguegarao City. In this study, a total enumeration of motorized tricycle drivers from of Pengue Ruyu, Tuguegarao City was done. Out of 52 tricycle drivers, only 51...
Topics: Genotoxicity, Automobile Exhaust Exposure, Micronucleus Assay
  Soil-transmitted Helminth (STH) infections are one of the top causes of morbidity among primary school children. This study was aimed to assess the prevalence, infection rate, and determinants of STH infection among primary school children aged 7-10 years old in Barangay Balzain, Tuguegarao City. Thirty-two Grade 1 and 2 pupils from Balzain East Elementary School were selected through purposive random sampling. Direct fecal smear testing of stool samples elucidated the prevalence of...
Topics: Soil-transmitted Helminthiases, Environmental Sanitation, School Children, personal hygiene.
The study analyzed the determinants of some selected commercial crop farmers’ accessibility to microfinance services in Niger state, Nigeria. Multistage random sampling technique was used in selecting respondents who were beneficiaries of Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) spread across the 3 agricultural zones in the state; from which primary data were collected using questionnaires. A total of 185 crop farmers who are beneficiaries of Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) were used in the study....
Topics: Accessibility, Microfinance Institutions (MFIs), Crop farmers, Credit.
The study was conducted to evaluate the current situation of pesticide use on the model of growing king orange (Citrus nobilis) in Hieu Nghia commune, Vung Liem district, Vinh Long province, Vietnam thereby assessing the potential effects of the pesticide use on health and the environment by direct interviewing 60 farmers growing king orange. Information on the potential effects of the pesticide use is retrieved from available scientific databases of chemical toxicity. The results showed that...
Topics: king orange, active ingredients, environment, health, Vung Liem, Vinh Long.
 Climate variability and extreme events are some of the most pressing environmental challenges occurring in the contemporary world. Farming communities in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in arid and semi-arid areas are more vulnerable to climate vulnerability and extremesdue to high dependence on rain-fed agriculture. There is little understanding of factors influencing farmers’ vulnerability to climate variability and extremes at household level in arid and semi-arid parts of Kenya. This...
Topics: Exposure, sensitivity, adaptive capacity, and agro-ecological zones.
This work aims to study Biological and abiological factors influencing the postmortems hydrogen potential (pH) of four muscles, of twenty dromedary’s carcasses slaughtered at the slaughterhouse in Touggourt municipality, Algeria. The temperature and pH were measured at one hour and a half after slaughtering, skinning and evisceration of carcasses. Electronic thermometer and electronic pH meter were used with under-implementation of breeder’s know-how and knowledge of veterinarian. The 4...
Topics: dromedary, muscle, post mortem pH, slaughterhouse, Touggourt.
This paper investigates Why is China can gain great success in capacity cooperation with the countries involving in the Belt One Road Initiative. This paper uses the cooperation with the five Central Asian countries, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, as examples to find out the potential factors. Through analyzing the complementarity of long-term strategies of these five countries and China, and the supplementary policies for countries involving in Belt One Road...
Topics: Capacity cooperation, the Belt One Road Initiative, Strategy complementarity, Country safety and...
One hundred and five (105) accessions of cassava collected in the South West and Littoral Cameroon regions were evaluated on a morphological and epidemiological basis. The objective was to study the phenotypic diversity of accessions and its structure based on variables selected among the cassava (Manihot esculentaCrantz) descriptors. Descriptive analysis showed significant phenotypic differences for the traits. Principal component analysis confirmed this important morphological variability....
Topics: Manihot esculenta, Accession, Cameroon, cassava, morphological diversity.
The objective of this study was to determine the availability and the use of Piliostigma thonningii pods through individual interviews using semi-structured questionnaires, and to evaluate the effect of diet incorporating these pods on growth and parasitic status of goats. The trial consisted in feeding diets to 12 adult West African dwarf goats, divided into three batches of four animals each. Batches 1 and 2 received a diet with 40% Piliostigma thonningii pods, and bamboo charcoal as a...
Topics: Pods, Piliostigma thonningii, Bamboo charcoal, ADG, EPG.
A study aimed to determine the level of water pollution and phytoplankton diversity of two dam ponds (Ngaikada and Kpokolota) in Bertoua city was conducted from March 2016 to April 2017 using a monthly sampling frequency. Water samples were collected at surface directly using a 1L polyethylene vials and at 1.5 m depth using a 6L Van Dorn bottle. Physicochemicals analyzes were carried out according to the standard methods of APHA and Rodier, while the harvesting of phytoplankton organisms was...
Topics: Anthropogenic, Bertoua, hypereutrophics, phytoplankton, ponds, rehabilitation.
Mini-budding, exploiting seedlings of about 20 days, is a major technology for planting material propagation of rubber tree in China. The first pair leaves should be kept on rootstocks for assimilation. Manually axillary bud picking is needed to promote scion bud germination, but it is difficult and labor intensive. In this study, topping was carried out on the position below the first pair leaves and the subsequent plants were subjected to LED night lighting. The plant growth and the plant...
Topics: grafting, nursery, photoperiod, vegetative propagation, rubber tree.
 The historical reciprocity among traditional populations and the usage of biodiversity in natural environments have outlined the Amazon as one of the richest and most complex socio-ecological systems on the planet. Conservation Units (CU’s) are effective strategies to protect biodiversity, although the simple creation does not guarantee its efficiency. Conservation depends on the integration between ecological and social aspects of the forest peoples and the management of institutions...
Topics: Biodiversity, Ethnobotany, Palm Trees, Conservation Units, Riverside Communities.
 This study aims to calculate income and determine alternative strategies for seaweed cultivation business development (Gracillaria sp) through spores culture in Takalar Regency. Using revenue, IE, SWOT, and QSPM formula analysis methods. The results showed that farmers in Sanrobone subdistrict earned a higher income of Rp.3,609,100 compared to Mappakasunggu District which earned revenues of Rp.2,234,500. While the total score of values in the internal matrix is 2.92 and the external matrix is...
Topics: seaweed, gracillaria sp, spores culture, IE, SWOT, QSPM.
 The purpose of this research is to analyze the optimal level of production and the efforts to utilize Indian ScadFish in Bone Bay Waters. This research was conducted from July to September 2021. The method used was descriptive quantitative using a questionnaire tool. The sampling method used was the random sampling method with a total of 10 fishing Indian Scad business units. The data analysis used was standardizing fishing gear, estimating biological and economic parameters and estimating...
Topics: Bioeconomics, Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY), Maximum Economic Yield (MEY).
: This study was amid to investigate animal response to replacement 15% of concentrate feed mixture (CFM) with ground mesquite pods without and with 4% Polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 in invitro and invivo experiments. In vitro rumen gas production values at 24h were 58.67, 55.0 and 61.67 ml/400mg for CFM1, CFM2 (15% mesquite pods) and CFM3(15% mesquite pods + 4%PEG4000) respectively. Dry matter digestibility (DMD %) was 63.58, 64.50 and 66.65% for CFM1, CFM2 and CFM3, respectively. In vivo...
Topics: Mesquite pods, Polyethylene glycol4000, Kids, digestibility, body weight, Shrub encroachment.
Enterobacter aerogenes is one of the bacteria that has an important role in converting histidine to histamine in fish. When consumed, histamine in fish can cause poisoning and even death. The growth of bacteria that cause damage to fish can be inhibited in several ways, including the addition of compounds that have the potential to act as bacteriostatic or even bactericide. One of the plants that has the potential as a source of bactericide compounds is drumstic tree (Moringa oleifera Lamk.)....
Topics: Distilled watert extract, Enterobacter aerogenes, Ethanol extract, Inhibitory activities, Moringa...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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 Yeast extract (YE) is a natural product that can be easily produced and has the advantage to be edible and to have a salty taste. It can be used as a food additive to give Umami taste, to intensify flavor and to give saltiness. YE can be produced naturally by autolysis, (a self lysis of the yeast cells) when incubated for four days at 45°C for the yeast cells to release their cytoplasmic content. YE is low in calories and fat, high in proteins, nucleotides and glutamic acid. It is used by...
Topics: Yeast Extract, Salt, Monosodium Glutamate, Umami Taste, Crackers.
 Kappahycus alvarezii is a red alga contained large amount of bioactive material, such as carrageenan. Carrageenan is useful as a raw material for several industries and can be degraded by marine bacteria through breaking the linkages in polysaccharide carrageenan into oligosaccharide carrageenan. The aim of this study is identification of degrading carrageenan in K. alvarezii symbiotic bacteria. The results showed there was 14 isolate bacteria, and all of the isolates have clear zone on congo...
Topics: Kappahycus alvarezii, carrageenan, degrading bacteria.
Twenty Pasundan cows were used in this study in order to determine the concentration of the hormones estrogen, progesterone, and the level of pregnancy. The cows were randomly divided into two groups of 10 each. The first group was synchronized with a prostaglandin double injection (Lutalyse TM, Upjohn, Kalmozoo USA, containing 25 mg of Dinoprost Tromethamin) at a dose of 5 ml/head intramuscularly 2 (two) times with an interval of 11 days. The second group was injected with prostaglandins...
Topics: Progesterone, Estrogen, Pregnancy Level, Pasundan Cattle.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Dams are very important for generating electricity and providing drinking water. However, they have major negative impacts on water quality, aquatic ecology, land, terrestrial wildlife, vegetation, and air quality. Mitigation measures should be put in place to reduce these negative impacts on the environment. For example, to reduce the impact on water quality, sediment control drainage should be constructed. To control chemical pollution, containers should be provided for chemical waste. With...
Topics: Dams, environment, impacts on climate, reservoir, water quality.
In Côte d'Ivoire, rubber cultivation is experiencing spectacular development. With land saturation in its traditional growing zones, rubber trees increasingly occupies new regions, including the west of the country. The objective of this study is to assess the place of rubber trees in the dynamics of production systems in the semi-mountainous region of western Côte d'Ivoire. This study was carried out through a survey carried out among nearly 402 rubber planters from the Tonkpi region and...
Topics: Rubber, Production systems, Previous crop, Cultural association, Man, Côte d’Ivoire.
The present work phytoconstituents of the seed powder of Sterculia foetidaL. extracted with 98% methanol. The extracted phytochemical compound subjected to qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis, fluorescence analysis and GC-MS analysis. The results of qualitative phytochemical screening confirm that the presence of tannins, phenols, steroids, cardiac glycoside and coumarin. The significant amount of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, tannin and total phenol estimated through quantitative...
Topics: Sterculia foetida, seed extracts, phytochemical screening, fluorescence analysis, GC-MS analysis.
Emergence of multi-purpose pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duchesne) as an African indigenous vegetable is attracting great attention. This is due to its adaptation to a wide range of climates and high-yielding potential. Sub-optimal pre- and post-harvest factors have greatly contributed to low returns to the farmers through poor yields and high post-harvest loss of pumpkins. There is therefore need to determine the optimal pre- and post-harvest inputs which will provide nutritious pumpkin fruits...
Topics: AIVs, Fruit size, Flesh thickness, Fruit firmness, Fruit set, Plant growth regulators.
The study was conducted to assess the water quality in super-intensive shrimp ponds in Bac Lieu using water quality parameters such as pH, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), and chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), ammonium (NH4+-N), residual chlorine, total oil and grease and total coliform. Sixty water samples in super-intensive shrimp ponds were collected in 2019 Bac Lieu province. The results showed that the nutrients in the...
Topics: Bac Lieu, nutrients, organic matters, super-intensive shrimp farming, microbial pollution.
 This study was conducted to assess the junkshop industry in Cabanatuan City, Philippines. It aimed to determine the profile of junkshops, the materials they trade, and their compliance with legal requirements. Using descriptive qualitative research design with 20 randomly chosen participating junkshops as respondents, the researcher found out that junk shop operations are lucrative and can help support economic development as well as solve certain environmental issues. However, many of them...
Topics: Junkshops operation, a requirement for junkshop operation, environmental benefits.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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 The heavy metal deposition around Sokoto Cement Company was investigated to the extent of pollution caused by this industry. Eighty eight samples of plants were separately collected from the four directions of the company into polythene bags and brought to the laboratory for further analyses. The sample were digested using Aqua Regia Method, and the Hg, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb and Cu contents were determined by (AAS). Data generated were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to depict the...
Topics: Soil pollution, Vegetation, Heavy metals and Ecosystem.
The main visible pollution generated by the cement industry corresponds to the dusts. The dusts can be emitted at every stage of the manufacturing process of the cement: extraction of the raw material, crushing, production. Eighty eight samples of soil were separately collected from the four directions of the company into polythene bags and brought to the laboratory for further analyses. The sample were digested using Aqua Regia Method, and the Hg, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb and Cu contents were...
Topics: Heavy metals, Pollution, Dust, Cement and Soil.
 The study was conducted at the Research farm faculty of Agriculture, Lafia-Shabu campus, Nasarawa State University Keffi. The objectives were to investigate the effect of Biochar and supplementary application of micronutrient on Soil and growth of Okra. Biochar and micronutrient at different rate were considered, Control (zero %), 4tons/ha Biochar, 16 tons /ha Biochar, 4 tons/ha Biochar + 1 litre / ha micronutrient, 16 tons/ha Biochar + ½litre/ha micronutrient, 4tons/ha Biochar + ½litre/ha...
Topics: micronutrient, Agriculture, ANOVA, Okra.
 Background: Swollen shoot and Black pod disease are two major diseases that cause significant damage in Nawa region. In order to compare the prevalence of these two diseases, a study was conducted in Soubré area in the south-west of Côte d'Ivoire, at the site of Petit-Bondoukou. Methods: The observation system consists of a sentinel site of approximately 10 km X 10 km. Each sentinel site is made up of 16 clusters of 2.5 km X 2.5 km containing about 10 plots which constitute the different...
Topics: Cocoa trees, CSSV, black pod disease, Prevalence, Côte d'Ivoire.
 Previous studies reported that intercropping rice with legume crops under aerobic systems increased growth and yield of rice compared with monocropped rice. This study aimed to examine the effects of rice cultivation techniques and patterns of rows on growth and yield of red rice with special objective to examine if intercropping red rice with soybean relay-planted between double or triple rows of rice on raised-beds under aerobic irrigation system can produce higher yield than the...
Topics: Soybean, red rice, intercropping, aerobic irrigation systems, comventional, row patterns.
 This study was carried out to survey the composition and amount of domestic solid waste generated and management work in Cai Khe ward, Ninh Kieu district, Can Tho city. Households and staff in Cai Khe ward were interviewed to collect information on management assessment while waste collection tools were placed in the households to calculate generation rate and waste composition. The research results showed that the rate of domestic solid waste generation of the household and individual were...
Topics: domestic solid waste, organic waste, waste sorting, collection, Ninh Kieu.
The present research was conducted to calculate levels of different heavy metals like Fe, Mn, Cu, and Zn in leafy vegetables when grown with different water sources. The result showed quite high range of accumulation when the vegetables were irrigated with wastewater. Wastewater irrigated vegetables showed variations (115-377), (12-68), (5.2-16.8), (21-45) mg/kg for iron, manganese, copper and zinc. Highest toxic level of iron and manganese were detected in mint and spinach and carrot showed...
Topics: Heavy metals, vegetables, daily requirement, waste water effluent, human health.
 Jute mallow (Corchorus olitorius) is one of the common green leafy vegetables used widely throughout Ghana. Jute mallow is cultivated by seeds and the demand for the crop is year-round. Despite the high demand, its efficient production is marred by poor seed germination. Thus, this study seeks to determine the effect of pre-chill, dry and wet heat on germination, seedling emergence and seedling vigor of jute mallow. Results revealed that hot water at 70⁰C with combination of 70⁰C oven...
Topics: temperature treatment, seed germination, seedling vigour, jute mallow, Corchorus olitorius.
 Kapoposang Islands is one of the many islands in South Sulawesi which has small island development characteristics and a marine tourism park that serves as a marine conservation area and marine tourism site. These main features lead to the many activities performed by the community that may potentially damage the marine ecosystem. This study aims to understand the behavior of coastal families, both men and women through their roles and activities in household waste management that may support...
Topics: Behavior, coastal families, household waste, marine resource sustainability.
The structuring of aquatic macroinvertebrate communities is used as an indicator of the effects of human activities on river ecosystems. This study focused on the distribution of macroinvertebrate communities along the Kou River in western Burkina Faso. Its objective was to characterize macroinvertebrate communities and water quality in the Kou River protected-site-manipulated site continuum in order to develop biological indicators for monitoring and assessing the overall health of aquatic...
Topics: Identification, Reference macroinvertebrates, Bioindicators, Continuum protected site, anthropized...
The beef cattle business currently has the prospect to be developed due to the increasing demand for livestock products.The increase in population, economic level and fulfillment of people's nutritional needs had an impact on the tendency of increasing demand and consumption of beef as a source of animal protein.On the other hand, the increase in demand for meat was not matched by availability from beef cattle producers. The problem was that the development of beef cattle in the research area...
Topics: introduction, artificial insemination, beef cattle.
The study was carried out to assess determinants of farmers’ choice of specific adaptation strategies to climate variability and extreme events in selected agro-ecological zones in Kitui County. Descriptive survey design was used. The study area was stratified into four study sites with respect to four different agro-ecological zones and a total of 341 households selected to constitute the sample size. Multivariate probit regression model was run in Stata version 12 to determine the influence...
Topics: Socio-economic characteristics, multivariate probit regression, agro-ecological zones, adaptive...
This research was conducted to see to what extent the production factors used by the polyculture system of Gracilaria sp and milkfish farmers in Luwu Regency affect the production of Gracilaria sp. This research was conducted by interviewing Gracilaria sp cultivators in Luwu Regency by taking samples from three districts. The results show that the R2 value is 0.689 which means that 68.9% of the production / harvest can be explained by the production input, while the remaining 31.1% is...
Topics: Cobb-Douglas, Gracilaria sp., Polyculture, Production factors.
The concept and importance of Occupational Health and Safety Management (OHSM) have extensively been discussed in previous literature. This study, however, focuses on reviewing and addressing gaps in all health and safety management models from 1990 – 2018 to develop a new safety model known as the “Safety House” to address all significant gaps in previous models. The findings of this study show that most previous models have either ignored safety leadership or safety commitment as one of...
Topics: Safet Performance, Occupational Health and Safety Management, Risk, Safety Models.
The study assessed the biochemical alterations of three commonly used herbicides (Starforce®, Dragon® and Force Uron®) exposed to anon-target environmental receptor -Allium cepa L at sub-lethal levels. The oxidant activity - measured as malondialdehyde and the anti-defensive mechanism (superoxide dismutase and catalase were used to evaluate the deleterious effects of the test herbicides. At higher percentage of the test herbicides, there was elevated levels of MDA in the exposed Allium cepa...
Topics: Allium cepa Linn, herbicides, oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species (ROS).
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AM Fungi) are known to have the potential to increase plant growth. This study aims to find the best isolates of Indigenous Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AM Fungi) that can increase the growth and production of peanuts plant infected by Sclerotium rolfsii caused stem rot disease. The method used is an experimental method with a Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatments, and 5 replication, namely A: AM Fungi Glomus sp-3 + S. rolfsii; B: AM Fungi Acaulospora sp...
Topics: Acaulospora, Gigaspora, Glomus, indigenous.
This study was conducted to determine the risks and adaptation strategies for disaster readiness as a basis for the school sustainability plan of eight (8) medium public elementary schools in Licab District, Nueva Ecija with the use of descriptive-correlational research design. A total of 103 employees served as respondents of the study. The yearly disasters encountered by the school employees are floods and typhoons. They are aware of flood risks thus, they always ensure the safekeeping of...
Topics: Adaptation strategies, disaster readiness, emergency, school employees, sustainability plan
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is as a broad based approach for economic control of pests. A study on determination of level of adoption of IPM technology was conducted in the Banke and Surkhet districts of Nepal. For determining the spread of information and level of adoption, farmers were asked a series of questions during the survey to determine knowledge of IPM and level of IPM adoption. Using descriptive statistics and differences in means, analysis was done on relationships among access...
Topics: IPM Technology, Knowledge, level of adoption and dissemination.
The ability of phosphate solubilizing microbes and N-fixing bacteria as biofertilizers to increase growth and soil P-dissolve, N soil, they also have the potential to suppress disease, The purpose of this experiment to study antagonism activity of phosphate solubilizing microbes and N-fixing bacteria to inhibit pathogen isolate. In vitro antagonism test was carried out to test the ability of isolates biofertilizers as biocontrol The isolate of phosphate solubilizing microbes were Pseudomonas...
Topics: antagonistic, biocontrol, biofertilizers, and in vitro
There has been highly attention in supplementation of yoghurt with probiotics and bioactive cereal compounds for enhancing their nutritional and therapeutic functions. So, the propose of this research was planned to develop novel set yoghurt supplemented with quinoa flour and probiotics. Four treatments (control, T1, T2 and T3) of yoghurt were manufactured buffalo’s milk. Control treatment inoculated with Streptococcus thermophiles and Lactobacillus bulgaricus (1:1) without quinoa flour. The...
Topics: Set yoghurt, quinoa flour, probiotics, diacetyl and acetaldehyde
Solid formulations of Rhizobacteria Bacillus. Spp. and storage time to control bacterial wilt disease Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis. Bacterial wilt disease caused by Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis is a major constraint in chili cultivation. Bacillus spp,is capable to suppres bacterial wilt disease, to increase the growth and the yield of chili plants. The aim of this research was to obtain the best formula of Bacillus spp. which was stable to control bacterial wilt disease and...
Topics: chili, formulation, Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis, storage time, Bacillus spp.
This paper has compared the resource use efficiency in rice production among mechanized and traditional farmers in Tarai districts (Jhapa, Sunsari and Bardiya) of Nepal in 2018/19. Data were collected from 494 farmers (274 mechanized and 220 traditional) using multistage random sampling. Production function analysis (Cob-Douglas production function) was used to obtain the marginal value productivity of inputs and to examine the resource use efficiency in crop production in mechanized and...
Topics: Mechanization, Resource Use Efficiency, Returns to Scale, Efficiency.
Tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) is one of the aquaculture commodities which is still be Indonesia leading export commodity. However, since the outbreak of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), tiger shrimp cultivation began to leave by farmers and switch to vannameiwhich is more profitable and more resistant to disease. This condition should be avoided considering tiger shrimp are native shrimp of Indonesia whose market demand is still quite high. Therefore, some efforts to improve tiger shrimp...
Topics: probiotic, semi intensive, tiger, shrimp, water quality.
The potato production in the Far North Region, Cameroon is confronted with rarities or unevenness of rainfall, diseases and pests. In order to improve the production of this plant, a study was conducted in two villages (Mouvou and Gouria) with the general objective of evaluating the impact of fertilizers on the development of viral, bacterial and pest diseases of this plant. The experimental design used was a completely randomized block S with 4 treatments repeated 3 times each. The fertilizer...
Topics: Solanum tuberosum, fertilizers, diseases, incidence and severity.
The present study aimed to test for the environmental fate and safety of e-waste using Nitrobacter sp. and mice model assays. The Nitrobacter sp. toxicity test was designed in four treatments and control set-ups namely 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50 % and control separately in both fresh and marine water for 24 h at 25 °C. The Wister albino mice were separated into three set-ups of 8 animals each (4 females and 4 males) in which 1 ml/kg bw of normal saline which serves as control set-up was orally...
Topics: E-waste toxicity, mice model, Nitrobacter sp., pollution, public health monitoring
Bone Gulf and Flores Sea in the Fisheries Management Area 713 (WPP 713) are known as one of the best skipjack tuna fishing areas in Indonesia, where skipjack tuna is an export commodity and has high economic value. The potential of skipjack tuna is based on the spatial-temporal pattern of oceanographic conditions. The distribution of skipjack tuna can be predicted by the biophysical conditions of the environment. Sea surface temperature and chlorophyll-a are biophysical parameters that greatly...
Topics: skipjack tuna, sea surface temperature, chlorophyll-a, gravity center of fishing grounds, remote...
Growth-promoting rhizobacteria are non-pathogenic bacteria that can induce plant defense through induction of systemic resistance which can then activate defense enzymes such as Polyphenol Oxidase (PPO), Peroxidase (PO) and Penil Alanine Amoliase (PAL). This study aims to determine the activity of the PPO, PO and PAL defense enzymes with selected PGPR isolates. This research was carried out at the Microbiology and Greenhouse Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University, Padang,...
Topics: PGPR, PPO, PO, PAL.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Waste management is one of the key challenges that is facing the world today. This global threat of solid waste disposal has affected Africa in many ways especially causing diseases and increasing thepoverty rate. These problems emerge mainly as a lack of strategic planning for effective SWM, poor governance, resource constraint, poor coordination and lack of proper management. In most rapidly growing cities in developing countries, the major concern issue is the inefficient solid waste...
Topics: solid waste, solid waste management, AMA, sustainability, Ghana.
 There are about 10.25 million goats in Nepal. Most of these are local and adaptive to different ecological zones of Nepal. Despite of big goat population, performance in terms of daily gains were very low as compared to the Boer crossbreeds. The crossbreed Boer goat is a remarkable small-stock ruminant that possesses distinctive qualities enabling it to excel as an efficient production performer. The Boer goats had faster growth rates and were heavier than the indigenous breeds of goats from...
Topics: Nepal, Boer, crossbreeds, performance.
The damaging effect of Rhyzopertha dominica larvae and adult insects on the nutritive content and economic value of Zea mais seeds, and the cytotoxic nature of most phyto-alkaloids prompted this research work to be carried out. A. occidentale and J. curcas seeds’ alkaloids were extracted and experimented for feeding inhibition and growth retardation on callow and mature adult R. dominica (Lesser grain borer) using maize seeds. Feeding inhibition for A. occidentale and J. curcas seeds’...
Topics: Alkaloids, Anacardium occidentale, Consumption, Extraction, Feeding Inhibition, Growth, Jatropha...
 This study was conducted to determine the effect of mimba leaf extract and the type of packaging on corn stored at 4 weeks. This study used an experimental method with Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments, and each treatment was replicated with 4 times. The treatment was the types of packaging, consist of cartoon without cover, plastic sacks, paperboard, and vacuum plastic. The measured variables were water content, moldy seed percentage, and aflatoxin content in corn...
Topics: Aflatoxin, Corn, Mimba leaf, Type of packaging
The aim of this study is to assess the different recorded processing attributes on physicochemical properties of anbaris and comparing them to commercially produced labneh done from pasteurized cow and goat milk. Comparing the industrially produced IP-anbaris with labneh industrially produced using cows and goat milk showed that the cow-labneh possessed significantly lower total-solids, titratable acidity, salt, ash, fat and protein content while having significantly higher pH and moisture...
Topics: Anbaris, Labneh, Earthen vessel, Water activity, Industrial, House hold.
The world is hit by another pandemic that has created a global threat. The Coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) has affected the entire human existence. The virus has taken over 1 million lives within 10 months. Governments are scrambling with different laws and regulations such as shelter-in-place orders, curfew, social distancing, mask-wearing, cancellation of public events, and traveling bans. These guidelines have helped reduce the spread and transmission of the virus in many countries,...
Topics: Coronavirus pandemic, COVID-19, impact, agriculture, economy and environment.
The Lagos-Ibadan Expressway is the busiest inter-state route in Nigeria and one of the largest road networks in Africa. It handles more than 250,000 PCUs (Passenger Car Units) daily. Amount of metal emissions being released daily from vehicles plying this road into the environment (air, soil, plant and water) is great! This study evaluated heavy metal composition in soils resulting from exhausts pollution from vehicular movement along Lagos-Ibadan Expressway. A total of two hundred and...
Topics: Contamination, heavy metals, Potential Ecological Risk Index, soil, vehicular exhausts.
The objective of the work in question was to evaluate the ovarian function of Saanen goats supplemented with pequi oil. The experiment was carried out at the IFCE Ovine Caprinoculture vivarium, campus Crato. Eight pure Saanen goats were used, weighing an average of 1025,15 pounds, distributed in a completely randomized design with two treatments. The first treatment constituted soy oil as the lipid source and the second treatment with pequi oil. Two estrous cycles were evaluated to analyze the...
Topics: Goat, estral cycle, flushing, energetic, reproduction animal.
Cowpea seeds are recognized to contain some anti-nutritional factors that reduce their nutritional values. The objective of this work was to evaluate the content of tannins, flavonoids and phytic acid of cowpea seeds and to study their genetic control by using generation’s means analysis (GMA).F1 and F2generations as well as backcross populations (BC1 and BC2) were produced in three hybrid combinations by crossingsix selected lines. Variation among tested varieties was from 55.12 mg GAE/100 g...
Topics: GMA, Cowpea, Tannins, Phytates, Flavonoids, Sudano-sahelian zone, Cameroon.